A Study in the book of Ibrim (Hebrews)

Background:

The author of Ibrim is Rabbi Shaul (aka Paul). The time of the writing is around 60 AD, and the audience, it is believed, was those believers located in the region of Italy.

Italy First Century AD

First Century AD of Italy

Chapter 1

1 Elohim, having of old spoken in many portions (Shaul is here referring to the Torah portions that used to be read each and every Sabbath day to the people at the Synogogue) and many ways to the fathers by the prophets, 2 has in these last days spoken to us by the Son, whom He has appointed heir of all, through whom also He made the ages, 3 who being the brightness of the esteem and the exact representation of His substance, and sustaining all by the word of His power, having made a cleansing of our sins through Himself, sat down at the right hand of the Greatness on high, 4 having become so much better than the messengers, as He has inherited a more excellent Name than them.

Wow! What an opening description of our Redeemer to the babes in belief in Italy! They were scattered Israelites who had migrated to Italy and I call them babes because they were new to hearing of the promised Messiah and His life and deliverance. It had only been 30 years since YAHUSHA walked and talked among us, and all the earth and time-changing events of that Passover Week. There were pockets of believers all throughout Asia Minor and the Mediterranean. The believers here in the Book of Ibrim were most certainly the “scattered tribes of Israel” and some “true gentiles.”  They were descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob – not peoples of other nations for the most part. The reason I am saying this to be a fact will be seen in later chapters in our study when Shaul discusses matters that would only make sense to descendants of Abraham. So, these people were the lost sheep of Israel and called gentiles even at the time of the preaching and teaching of Paul. Isn’t it interesting that Shaul feels no compunction to explain the Elohim of Israel to them, only to profess that the person of whom he is now speaking of is THE long awaited Messiah. You see, even at that time, the scattered and lost sheep of the House of Israel (Northern Kingdom) were called gentiles. They were living like gentiles in the “nations.” Just like we are now, like the prodigal son.

through whom also He made the ages

Psalms 33:6a “By the Word of YAHUAH the heavens were made”

5 For to which of the messengers did He ever say, “You are My Son, today I have brought You forth”? And again, “I shall be to Him a Father, and He shall be to Me a Son”?

“You are My Son, today I have brought You forth”

Psalm 2:7  “I inscribe for a law: YAHUAH has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have brought You forth.’

“I shall be to Him a Father, and He shall be to Me a Son”

2 Samuel 7:14 “I am to be his Father, and he is My son.”

6 And when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says, “Let all the messengers of Elohim do reverence to Him.”

7 And of the messengers indeed He says, “… who is making His messengers spirits and His servants a flame of fire.” A light unto the world?

[He is making the messengers a spirit, a breath and making He servants a flashing fire like lightning]

8 But to the Son [He says,] “Your throne, O Elohim, is forever and ever, a scepter of straightness is the scepter of Your reign.

Let us take a moment to list out the statements that Shaul records that the Almighty Creator Elohim, YAHUAH says about YAHUSHA.

  1. He is appointed heir of all
  2. He is the Person through which all the ages are made
  3. He is the brightness of the Esteem
  4. He is the exact representation of the substance of YAHUAH
  5. He sustains all by the Word of His Power
  6. Cleanses us of our missing the mark of Torah
  7. He sits at the right Hand of YAHUAH

More attributes:

  1. Better than the messengers
  2. He inherits a more excellent Name (than the messengers)
  3. He is The Son
  4. He is brought forth by YAHUAH
  5. YAHUAH is a Father to Him

Up until verse 6, all the discussion about YAHUSHA is BEFORE He actually came onto the earth as Savior and Redeemer! See in verse 6 what it reads:

6 And when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says, “Let all the messengers of Elohim do reverence to Him.”

7 And of the messengers indeed He says, “…who is making His messengers spirits and His servants a flame of fire.”

8 But to the Son, “Your throne, O Elohim, is forever and ever, a scepter of straightness is the scepter of Your reign.

YAHUAH has a Kingdom, and that Kingdom (government) will be one of righteousness and justice and WILL be ordered through Torah!

9 “You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness. Because of this, Elohim, Your Elohim, has anointed You with the oil of gladness more that Your companions.”

If your scriptures read “…loved righteousness and hated wickedness” IT IS AN INCORRECT TRANSLATION! The word is “lawlessness” and mean “without Torah”. Because Messiah loved righteousness and hated Torahlessness – The Most High Creator Elohim anointed Him with oil and more that anyone else, more than the messengers.

10 And, “You, Master, did found the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are the work of Your hands.

Genesis 1:1  “In the beginning Elohim created the heavens and the earth.”

11 “They shall perish, but You remain. And they shall all grow old like a garment,

Matthew 5:18 “For truly, I say to you, till the heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle shall by no mean pass from the Torah till all be done.

Matthew 24:35 “The heaven and earth shall pass away, but My words shall by no means pass away.

Luke 16:17 “And it is easier for the heaven and the earth to pass away than for one tittle of the Torah to fail.

12 and like a mantle You shall fold them up, and they shall be changed. But You are the same, and Your years shall not fail.”

Revelation 21:1 And I saw a renewed heaven and a renewed earth, for the former heaven and former earth had passed away, and the sea is no more.

13 And to which of the messengers did He ever say, “Sit at My right hand, until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet?”

Psalms 110:1 YAHUAH said to my Master (YAHUSHA), “Sit at My right hand, Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.”

14 Are they not all serving spirits sent out to attend those who are about to inherit deliverance?

In my study of Hebrews Chapter 1, I am starting to wonder if Sha’ul was trying to convince scattered Yisra’el of The Messiah’s supremacy and anointing over and above that of the messengers. There must have been an issue among the people in Italy concerning Angel fear and worship, and that somehow it was the angels (messengers) that would be the judges of all mankind. This is even further evidenced by Sha’ul’s admonition in Chapter 2  “Because of this we have to pay more attention to what we have heard (the Truth about Who YAHUSHA is), lest we drift away.

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