Sha’ul opens with the verse we closed with in Chapter one. I confess it took me 3 days to get through verses 1-4! But now, worth every minute of the toil!

1 Because of this we have to pay more attention to what we have heard, lest we drift away.

From the study of Chapter 1, it was difficult to see who Sha’ul was saying the messengers were, but it is clear to me now. He is speaking of all those who have “heard His voice” and proclaimed His Word.


There are two occasions in ALL of scripture, where we hear from The Creator Himself!

1. The Giving of the Torah

2. Words of YAHUSHA

So the “this” Sha’ul is talking about here is the Torah – following – although messengers/angels/servants have been sent to us, mankind, to “serve” us and to “serve” YAHUAH – There are some concepts, instructions, statutes, teachings that we MUST pay attention to above all others, and he warns us that if we don’t take care – this truth will slip away from us (to our destruction). He is exalting YAHUSHA to His rightful place as, not only above all the messengers/angels/servants, but to position equal to the Father.

With this in mind we can move on to verse 2

2 For if the word spoken through messengers {prophets} proved to be firm, and every transgression and disobedience received a right reward,

Some of my translations have the word “word” capitalized, meaning the word is the Word (YAHUSHA) and/or the word is Torah {both are interchangeable). This Word {Torah} that was spoken WAS proved to be firm or steadfast as we know from the scriptures. In the wilderness, it was immediate – in the prophets, it was delayed but DID happen to the people in that they were expelled from the land into captivity.

It is true that the Torah emphasizes immediate, concrete, physical rewards and punishments rather than abstract future ones. See, for example, Lev. 26:3-9 and Deut. 11:16-17

“If you walk in My laws and guard My commands, and shall do them, then I shall give you rain in its season, and the land shall yield its crops, and the trees of the field yield their fruit. And your threshing shall last till the time of the grape harvest, and the grape harvest shall last till the time of sowing. And you shall eat your bread until you have enough, and shall dwell in your land safely. And i shall give peace in the land, and you shall lie down and no one make you afraid. And I shall clear the land of evil beasts, and not let the sword go through your land. And you shall pursue your enemies, and they shall fall by the sword before you And five of you shall pursue a hundred, and a hundred of you pursue ten thousand. And your enemies shall fall by the sword before you. And I shall turn to you and make you bear fruit, and shall increase you, and shall establish My covenant with you. Leviticus 26:3-9


Guard yourselves, lest your heart be deceived, and you trun aside and serve other mighty ones and bow down to them. Then the displeasure of YAHUAH shall burn against you, and HE shall shut up the heavens, and there be no rain, and the land not five its increase. And you shall perish quickly from the good land which YAHUAH is giving you. Deuteronomy 11:16-17

Certain sins are punished by the sinner being “cut off from his people.” See, for example, Gen. 17:14 and Ex. 31:14. This punishment is referred to as kareit (kah-REHYT) (literally, “cutting off,” but usually translated as “spiritual excision”), and it means that the soul loses its portion in the World to Come.

And an uncircumcised male child, who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin, his life shall be cut off from his people – he has broken My covenant. Genesis 17:14

And you shall guard the Sabbath, for it is set-apart to you. Everyone who profanes it shall certainly be put to death, for anyone who does work on it, that being shall be cut off from among his people. Exodus 31:14

Let us not forget also that the Children of Israel were eventually “cut off” from the land for their “not remembering and doing” the commands of The Torah of  YAHUAH – allowing them to be taken into captivity to Assyria and Babylon. {It is so neat to realize now, that Sha’ul is/could very well be HERE talking to the exiled “seed of Abraham” in Italy! And I KNOW he is speaking to the scattered children and gentiles even today – for have we NOT honored the Words, but have drifted away, even teaching they are no longer valid?}

So with these very few examples I have added here, one can see that Sha’ul was certainly speaking the truth when he stated ” the word spoken through messengers {prophets} proved to be firm, and every transgression and disobedience received a right reward,”

3 how shall we escape if we neglect so great a deliverance {Torah}, which first began to be spoken by the Master {YAHUAH}, and was confirmed to us by those that heard {Mosheh, all the Children of Israel at Mt Sinai, the prophets}

The Great Deliverance:

The Mosheh came, with Hoshea (Yahoshua) son of Nun, and spoke all the words of this song in the hearing of the people. And when Mosheh ended speaking all these words to all Yisra’el, he said to them, “Set your heart on all the words with which I warn you today, so that you command your children to guard to do all the Words of this Torah. For it is not a worthless Word for you, because it is your life, and by this Word you prolong your days on the soil which your pass over the Yarden to possess.  Deuteronomy 32:44-47

4 Elohim also bearing witness both with signs and wonders, with various miracles, and gifts of the Set-apart Spirit, distributed according to His own desire?

YAHUAH has done many things throughout the history of the earth, world, and mankind to prove to us His Torah is True. He bears Witness to it.

5 For it is not to messengers that He has subjected the world to come, concerning which we speak.

6 But somewhere one has witnessed, saying,”What is man that You remember him, or the son of man that You look after him?

7 You have made him a little lower than the messengers {Elohim is most probably the word used in the original letter because Sha’ul is quoting Psalms, see below. The Greek translation uses angels, which does not make sense}. You have crowned him with esteem and respect, and set him over the works of Your hands.

That someone was the Psalmist, David.

Psalms 8:4 -8  What is man that You remember him? And the son of man that You visit him? Yet You have made him a little less than Elohim, And Have crown him with esteem and splendour. Youhmade him rule over the works of Your hands; You have put all under his feet, All sheep and oxen, And also the beasts of the field, The birds of the heavens, and the fish of the sea,Passing through the paths of the seas.

8 You have put all in subjection under his feet. For in that He put all in subjection under him, He left none (that is) not subjected to him. But now we do not yet see all subjected to him. {referencing how there is a “world to come” when all things will be changed}

In verse 8, the word “see” is

horaō    hor-ah’-o

Properly to stare at (compare G3700), that is, (by implication) to discern clearly (physically or mentally); by extension to attend to; by Hebraism to experience; passively to appear: – behold, perceive, see, take heed.

We do not yet “see” or discern, meaning perceive with understanding. This does not mean it is not so. Very important concept for us to grasp. All things ARE subjected to Him, but only the Set apart Spirit enables this type of “seeing.” Experience!

9 But we do see Him who was made for a little while lower than the messengers, YAHUSHA, because of the suffering of death crowned with esteem and respect, that by the favour of Elohim He should taste death for everyone.

So interesting that the “see” in this verse is different

blepō   blep’-o

A primary verb; to look at (literally or figuratively): – behold, beware, lie, look (on, to), perceive, regard, see, sight, take heed.

So, what we DO SEE, literally, is YAHUSHA, a man with flesh, blood, skin, and bone. So by definition of the “flesh” He was (for a while and for a specific purpose)  a little lower than the messenger so that He could suffer death.

From the AENT, we are told that the Greek translations have excluded a phrase that was in the original Aramaic text at the very end of verse 9 which says “because He tasted death for the sake of everyone apart from Elohim”

“apart from Elohim” – satar min Alaha. Removed from the Greek translation. This omission was likely due to a theological debate; the Monophysites were a powerful sect that sprung up in the middle of the Second Century in Alexandria, Egypt. Their core belief was that Messiah only had the appearance of a human but was in reality, completely divine. Such theology ignored statements like “Not my will, but Your Will,” along with many others; nevertheless, it gained popularity when the Imperial Byzantine “New Testament” text was emerging. Earlier versions were so violently suppressed in the West that only Aramaic believers in the Middle East had retained the original. In context, two facts become critical. First, we know this heresy arrived early; Origen (ca. 185-232) quotes the Peshitta-exclusive reading of this verse and further substantiates this view. Second, this reading also plays into extensive themes about Messiah laying down his humanity, as well as showing that Elohim’s divine nature neither bled nor died on the stake (Acts 20:28). This is one of the clearest examples where original Jewish understanding was almost completely obliterated by Roman and Byzantine cultures who preferred polytheistic theologies. Peshitta, in the rival Persian Empire, escaped all these revisions and kept its original Eastern (and Jewish) values intact. On this matter, Stephen Silver noted: It is understood by the use of the phrase, khaya b’qnomeh in John 5:26, that YAHUSHA “had the price of redemption,” “Life in Himself” to redeem all that “call upon His Name.” Clearly, this was and is the “will of the Father.” In Hebrews 2:9, setar min Alaha “Life in Himself” represents both Elohim in Him, as well as YAHUSHA’s humanity,; so it is obvious that his humanity was laid down that he might take it again (John 10:17). This was the “will of the Father made manifest in the Son” by his life, death and resurrection.” There is a “remez” (hint) here that refers to Genesis 44:30, “v’naf’sho k’shurah v’naf’sho,” “and his soul is knot-tied in his soul.” Substituting b’tibohteh for min seta reflects Pagan thinking that Torah was to be replaced by “grace.” However, “Life in Himself” manifests this grace and truth of Torah, eternally (John 1:17, Exodus 34:6), Torah, withou YAHUSHA MESSIAH, is “dead letter.” YAHUSHA MESSIAH without Torah, is “sloppy agape.”

Isaiah 53:10  But YAHUAH was pleased to crush Him, He laid sickness on Him, that when He made Himself an offering for guilt, He would see a seed, He would prolong His days and the pleasure of YAHUAH prosper in His hand.

10 For it was fitting for Him, because of whom all (are) and through whom all (are), in bringing many sons to esteem, to make the Princely Leader of their deliverance perfect through sufferings {WE ARE IN HIM!}

11 For both He who set apart and those who are being set apart are all of One, for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brothers,

12 saying, “I shall announce Your Name to My brothers, in the midst of the assembly (not church) I shall sing praise to You.”

Psalms 22:22  {These are the words of Messiah spoken through David} I make known Your Name to My brother; in the midst of the assembly I praise You. And YAHUSHA  DID announce the Name of the Father to His Brothers – the followers in John Chapter 17:6, he states “I have revealed Your Name to the men whom You gave Me out of the world.” And John 17:26 “And I have made Your Name known to them, and shall make it known, so that the love with which You love Me might be in them, and I in them.” The religious leaders, both then AND NOW, were avoiding the Father’s Name, because of man-made traditions then – AND IGNORANCE AND UNIVERSALISM NOW – He is again making His Name known in our day!!! HalleluYAH!

13 And again, “I shall put My trust in Him.” And again, “See, I and the children whom Elohim gave Me.”

Psalm 91:2  He is saying of YAHUAH, “My refuge and my stronghold, My Elohim, in whom I trust!”

Isaiah 8:18 Look, I and the children whom YAHUAH has given me – for signs and wonders in Yisra’el from YAHUAH of hosts, who dwells in Mount Tsiyon.

14 Therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself similarly shared in the same, so that by means of His death, He might destroy him having the power of death, that is, the devil,

15 and deliver those who throughout life were held in slavery by fear of death

Romans 8:15, 21  For you did not receive the spirit of bondage again to fear, but you received the Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out, “Abba Father.” AND that the creation itself also shall be delivered from the bondage to corruption into the esteemed freedom of the children of Elohim.

16 For, doubtless, He does not take hold of messengers (He did not take on an immortal manifestation), but He does take hold of the seed of Abraham (He assumed a mortal manifestation)

17 So in every way He had to be made like His brothers, in order to become a compassionate and trustworthy High Priest in matters related to Elohim, to make atonement of the sins of the people.

Once a year, every year on Yom HaKippurim (The Day of Atonement) – a commanded observance by our Creator Elohim YAHUAH – the High Priest would enter in to the Holy of Holies to make atonement for the Children of Israel. A National Atonement. This Shadow Picture of good things to come has not fully been revealed in its completeness. Future events will occur on this Holiday! Please see my post on Yom HaKippurim for greater explanation

18 For in what He had suffered, Himself being tried, He is able to help those who are tried.