Hebrews Chapter 7

*Make sure you read the first sentence with the emphasis on “this

1 For this Malkitsedeq, sovereign of Shalem, priest of the Most High Elohim, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the sovereigns and blessed him,

2 to whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all, [his name] being translated, indeed, first, ‘sovereign of righteousness,’ and then also sovereign of Shalem, that is, ‘sovereign of peace,’

3 without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but having been made like the Son of Elohim, remains a priest for all time.

Beloved, WE MUST understand something here before going any further. Melkitsedeq is not a person. Melkitsedeq is not a lineage of people which can be traced, in earthly terms, through DNA or paternity. Melkitsedeq is an order. “This Melkitsedeq” means “this King Priest” – This King of Salem was “a” Melkitsedeq – a member of an [arrangement, succession] instituted by YaHUaH.

Below I have posted the Greek and Hebrew words for the word “order” from the verse.

Order – the greek word G5010 — Strong τάξις taxis

tax’-is

From G5021; regular arrangement, that is, (in time) fixed succession (of rank or character), official dignity: – order.

G5021 — Strong    τάσσω tassō

tas’-so

A prolonged form of a primary verb (which latter appears only in certain tenses); to arrangein an orderly manner, that is, assign or dispose (to a certain position or lot): – addict, appoint, determine, ordain, set.

Now the Hebrew…… (taken from Psalms)

H1700 — BDB

דּברה

dibrâh

BDB Definition: 1) cause, manner, reason

Part of Speech: noun masculine

Chapter 7 in the book of Hebrews, let us proclaim and remember, is NOT about covenants, it IS about who our Messiah is, what He has done, and the position He holds! It IS about the transferring or laying aside of an institution that was implemented (among other reasons) because of uncleanness and crookedness of a people who had just come out of 430 years of slavery and their destiny was to be a nation of priests. Let us not forget also, that Shaul is speaking to scattered Israel and Judah. How do we think he would be able to explain to them what has taken place on the issue of the Levitical sacrificial system? They needed to understand what has happened now that Messiah has come and arisen from the dead and is Melkitsedeq – our High Priest and King.

From Genesis (Bereshith) 14

And after his (Abram’s) return from the defeat of Kedorla’omer and the sovereigns who were with him, the sovereign of Sedom (the region of Sodom and Gomorrah)came out to meet him at the Valley of  Shaweh, that is, the Sovereign’s Valley. And Malkitsedeq sovereign of Shalem brought out bread and wine. Now he was the priest of the Most High El. And he blessed him and said, “Blessed be Abram of the Most High El, Possessor of the heavens and earth. And blessed be the Most High El who has delivered your enemies into your hand.” And he gave him a tenth of all.

4 Now see how great this one was, to whom even the ancestor Abraham gave a tenth of the choicest booty.

Very first mention of this “Order” of Priest is here in Genesis 14. Many teachers  teach that this Melkitsedeq in Genesis 14 is Shem, the son of Noah. This is supported by the Book of Jasher which states:

Jasher 16: 11-12 And Adonizedek king of Jerusalem, the same was Shem, went out with his men to meet Abram and his people, with bread and wine, and they remained together in the valley of Melech. 12 And Adonizedek blessed Abram, and Abram gave him a tenth from all that he had brought from the spoil of his enemies, for Adonizedek was a priest before God.

This is more than possible and is probable that this Melkitsedeq that met Abraham that day was Shem, son of Noah. He was definitely alive at that time according to the scriptures. Shem was still alive when Isaac was born and when Jacob was born.

5 And truly, those who are of the sons of Lewi, who receive the priesthood, have a command to receive tithes from the people according to the Torah, that is, from their brothers, though they have come from the loins of Abraham,

So there is a Heavenly order – the Melkitsedeq – by Oath. There is an earthly institution- the Levitical – by calling.

Bear with me as I reproduce the first part of Numbers 18 here so that we understand some of the office of the Levitical Priesthood.

“And YaHUaH said to Aharon, “You and your sons and your father’s house with you are to bear the crookedness against the set-apart place, and you and your sons with you are to bear the crookedness against your priesthood. But bring with you your brothers of the tribe of Lewi too, the tribe of you father to join you and serve you while you and your sons are with you before the Tent of the Witness. And they shall guard your charge, and the duty of all the Tent, but they do not come near the furnishings of the set-apart place and the altar, lest they die, both they and you. And they shall be joined [[twined, as a cord]] with you and guard the duty to the Tent of Meeting, for all the service of the Tent, but a stranger does not come near you. And you shall guard the duty of the set-apart place and the duty of the altar, so that there be not more wrath on the children of Yisra’el.

And see, I Myself have taken your brothers the Lewites from the midst of the children of Yisra’el – a gift to you, given by YaHUaH, to do the service of the Tent of Meeting. But you and your sons with you are to guard your priesthood for all matters at the altar and behind the veil, and you shall serve. I have given you the priesthood as a gift for service, but the stranger who comes near is put to death.

And YaHUaH spoke to Aharon, “And see, I Myself have also given you the charge [[watch]] of My contributions [[lifted up or heave offerings]], all the set-apart gifts of the children of Yisra’el. I have given them to you for the anointing, and to your sons, as a law forever. This is yours of the most set-apart [gifs], from the fire: all their offerings, all their grain offerings and all their sin offerings and all their guilt offerings which they render to Me, are most set-apart for you and your sons.

Eat it in the most set-apart place – every male eats it. It is set-apart to you. This also is yours: the contribution of their gift, with all the wave offereings of the children of Yisra’el. I have given them to you, and your sons and daughter with you, as a law forever. Everyone who is clean in your house eats it.

All the best of the oil, and all the best of the new wine and the grain – their first fruits which they give to YaHUaH – I have given them to you. The first-fruits of all that is in their land, which they bring to YaHUaH, are yours. Everyone who is clean in your house eats it. All that is dedicated in Yisra’el is yours. (End of Scripture)

6 however, the one whose genealogy is not derived from them received tithes from Abraham, and blessed the one who held the promises.

Shaul is now speaking again of the Melkitsedeq Priesthodd (the Priest King) and how this Melkitsedeq was not of the Levite lineage, or tribe of Levi. Yet, he received tithes from Abraham and blessed Abraham. Now Abraham held the promises given by YaHUaH and so it is understood (although I am not sure we understand this in the West) that the better blesses the lesser and the lesser gives tithes to the better. So here we see that the Melkitsedeq Order is greater than Levitical Priesthood in position before YaHUaH.

7 And it is beyond all dispute that the lesser is blessed by the better.

8 And here it is men who die that receive tithes, but there it is someone of whom it is witnessed that he lives.

Here (in part of His Torah addressing the Levite Priests) The Levitical Priesthood were men, who did die as all mankind does – and yet they received tithes just like the Melkitsedeq Order who does not die but is an Eternal Priesthood.

9 And one might say that through Abraham even Lewi, who received tithes, gave tithes, [[to the Priest King Melkitsedeq]]

10 for he was still in the loins of his father [[Abraham]] when Malkitsedeq met him.

This is a very well understood concept in Hebraic thought. The idea of all lineage being in the seed (the loins) of the forefathers. Surely we do believe this because of the Promises and Blessings given to the seed of Abraham and also the promise given to Adam and Chavah concerning the seed of the woman. So it is understood that the Levite Priesthood gave tithes to the Melkitsedeq Order also because they existed in the “seed” of Abraham when Abraham gave the Priest King tithes.

11 Truly, then, if perfection were through the Lewitical priesthood – for under it the people were given the Torah – why was there still need for another priest to arise according to the order of Malkitsedeq, and not be called according to the order of Aharon?

This is so interesting isn’t it? Shual is really writing as a Pharisee here, I think. This reminds me so much of how the Hebrew sages wrote and discussed things amongst each other. Asking questions of why Father caused certain things to happen a certain way for His Purpose – and to search and prove that thing out – which brings us ever closer to the Mind of Elohim.

See, the Torah is perfect – converting the soul unto sanctification – that is a fact,

Psalm (Tehillim) 19:7 “The Torah of YaHUaH is perfect, bringing back the being”  and James (Ya’aqob) 1:25 “But he that looked into the perfect Torah, that of freedom, and continues in it, not becoming a hearer that forgets, but a doer of work, this one shall be blessed in his doing [of the Torah].”

It shows us what is unholy or unrighteous (some use the word sin) AND, AND, AND what is Holy and Just and Right and Clean. But what Shaul is saying- that the Torah (perfect instructions) was given (again) to a Nation at Mt Sinai directly from the mouth of God. At that time, however, some of the instructions were given to a specific Tribe of Israel, as a gift, so Father’s people could draw near unto Him. Father “called” the Aharonic (Levitical, earthly pattern) priests to duty for mediation, but Father “swore by Oath” the order of Melkitsedeq (spiritual true) as we saw already in Psalms.

12 For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there takes place a change of law also.

Some will read a verse like this and say “ah-ha! See, Paul says the law is changed.” Well I say – nope, something is wrong here with MY UNDERSTANDING. Because neither is the law changed, and neither did Shaul write or speak against the perfection of the law, therefore the proper conclusion is: “I don’t understand this – I really need to search this out.” So that is what I did.

Let us not erroneously assume that just because Shaul says “law” here, that it means “the ENTIRE law” or instructions of Torah. There are over 613 instructions in Torah, and they do not all apply to all people at all times. So here, Shaul is speaking of the instructions specifically given to the Aharonic or Levitical Priesthood. Also, in the next verses we are going to come across an interesting description that Shaul uses – “the Torah of fleshly command” and so we will investigate that too.

The following information was taken from an on-line source: http://www.beittefillah.org/files/Hebrews_for_Sukkot1.pdf. There are over 50 slides that do an excellent job at teaching this transfer of covenant mediation: both in “who” and “how”

Change Priesthood=Change Torah?

We are looking at the word changed – both the Hebrew and the Aramaic words for “change”

Hebrew: SHANASHTANAH  from the verbal root                       SHANAH(Strong‟s 8138) ”to repeat, to do a second time”.                      Aramaic: SHUKLAFA, the Semitic root KHALAF “Change, transform, renew or revive.”                                                                                                                            The word SHUKLAFA appears only five times in the entire PeshittaNT. Of these all but one (Ya’akov1:17) are in Hebrews. Of those four usages, three of them are right here in our section (7:11-12, 18-19) the other is in 12:27 where it implies a renewal or repair and seems to refer back in summary to the three usages in Chapter 7 which we are dealing with. The Hebrew form of this same root is Strong‟s word # 2498.

H2498 — Strong

חָלַף

châlaph   khaw-laf’

A primitive root; properly to slide by, that is, (by implication) to hasten away, pass on,spring up, pierce or change: – abolish, alter change, cut off, go on forward, grow up, be over, pass (away, on, through), renew, sprout, strike through.

This Hebrew cognate of the word appears in Is. 40:31 & 41:1 “…let the people renew their strength…”.The verb is used to mean “renew” or “revive” in the Hebrew Tanak in Is. 40:31; 41:1; Job 14:7, 13 & Job 29:20. The Peshitta Tanak agrees and uses the KHALAF verb in Is. 40:31; 41:1; Job 14:7 & 29:20 to mean “renew”. The Greek translator misunderstood the word here to mean “change” however there can be no change of the Torah.(Deut. 4:2; 12:32 & Mt. 5:17).

There can be no change of the Torah

Deuteronomy 4:2″Do not add to the Word which I command you, and do not take away from it, so as to guard the commands of YaHUaH your Elohim which I am commanding you.

Deuteronomy 12:32 “All the words I am commanding you, guard to do it – do not add to it nor take away from it.”

Matthew 5:17 “Do not think that I came to destroy the Torah, or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to complete.”

Change Priesthood=Change Torah?

Hebrews 7: 12(NKJV) For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also a change of the law.

Changed – Strong’s #3346

G3346 — Strong     μετατίθημι metatithēmi

met-at-ith’-ay-mee

From G3326 and G5087; to transfer, that is, (literally) transport, (by implication) exchange, (reflexively) change sides, or (figuratively) pervert: – carry over, change, remove, translate, turn.

The Torah was not done away with, but adjusted, or slightly altered, to accommodate a better, more complete priesthood and sacrifice. Strong‟s Greek # 3346 metatithaymee means “moved from one place to another, not eliminated.” So the priesthood was shifted, not eliminated. Shifted from Aaron to Melech-Tzadik and from Leviticus to Genesis, still within the Torah itself. (written commentary by a Messianic commentator). This messianic commentator had a Hebrew book of Hebrews.

Hebrew Hebrews

In 1537 Sebastian Munster, professor of Hebrew at the University of Basel, published the Hebrew text of Matthew and in 1557 a second edition of Munster’s Hebrew Matthew was published which also included the Hebrew text of Hebrews. The text was given to him by Jewish believers in Messiah Yeshua.   [End of online source reference]

13 For He of whom this is said belongs to another tribe, from which no one had attanded at the altar.

Wow! A puzzle developing right? Father has made Messiah the High Priest and mediator now between us and God. How can this be? – He was from the tribe of Judah – that throws a kinker in the understanding for some of us, and then for others, gives an error of reasoning that ALL of Torah has been done away with because of this. Funny we should think this and here is why….

In the following scriptures  – who was the priest?

When Abel sacrificed his lamb unto YaHuaH                                                                When the Torah that was given through Mosheh to  the heads of the households to slaughter the passover lamb that night in Egypt                                 How about the Torah to gather manna for six days                                                     The Torah to observe the Sabbath day                                                                               The Torah to count the Omer, The Torah to obey His Voice, The Torah to guard His Covenant, The Torah to be set-apart, The Torah to wash our garments, The Torah to not make beside Him any mighty ones of silver or gold, The Torah to make an altar of earth for Him to slaughter on it the burnt offerings and peace offerings, your sheep and your cattle, The Torah concerning a Hebrew servant, the Torah of the Sabbatical year release, etc. In fact in the Torah of Mosheh, all the instructions given from Exodus 20 – 29 are all prior to the calling of the Levitical Priesthood. Once time, in all the giving of the many Torah directly from Elohim to Mosheh on the mountain, Mosheh came back down the mountain and told the children of Israel all that YaHUaH had said. They said all the Words YaHUaH has spoken, we shall do.

Then Mosheh wrote down all the Words of YaHUaH, and rose up early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and twelve standing columns for the twelve tribes of Yisra’el. And he sent young men of the children of Yisra’el, and they offered burnt offerings and slaughtered peace slaughterings of bulls to YaHUaH. Exodus 24:4-5

Who can we say were the priests in this situation? Simply the young men of the 12 tribes!

Beloved, it goes on and on and on. What about Job who sacrificed, and Noah? All of these Tarot (plural of Torah, Teaching and instructions of a Holy Creator) WERE GIVEN TO US PRIOR TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE  AHARONIC OR LEVITICAL PRIESTHOOD! So… even if we could say “part” of the Torah has been abolished, which we cannot – it would not give us a reason not to obey the commands of Yah.

It was also very helpful for me to learn about the usage of the word “priest” in the Hebrew Scriptures. Here are all of the meanings for priest:

H3548 — BDB

כּהן      kôhên      BDB Definition:

1) priest, principal officer or chief ruler

1a) priest-king (Melchizedek, Messiah)

1b) pagan priests      1c) priests of Jehovah       1d) Levitical priests

1e) Zadokite priests     1f) Aaronic priests         1g) the high priest

14 For it is perfectly clear that our Master arose from Yahudah, a tribe about which Mosheh never spoke of cencerning priesthood,

The tribe of Judah was to be the Kingly line and the lawgiver. Ref: David and Genesis with the blessings of Jacob (Israel) onto his sons.

15 and this is clearer still, if another priest arises in the likeness of Malkitsedeq,

16 who had become [a priest], not according to the Torah of fleshly command, but according to the power of an endless life,

The Torah of fleshly command – there is a torah (instruction) that was given by YaHUaH of a priesthood based upon lineage – a physical determination of a Levite’s duty in life to serve YaHUaH and mediate between the people and Elohim. I believe this is what Shaul means by fleshly command. It was according to the flesh that determined the priestly office.

17 for He does witness, “You are a priest forever according to the order of Malkitsedeq.”

18 For there is indeed a setting aside of the former command because of its weakness and unprofitableness,

Here is another place difficult to understand because we are ignorant of the Word of Elohim. Let us now explore the purpose of the Levitical Priesthood and what it did and did not do.

What the Priesthood did do

Exodus 28:1  This is I believe the first time we hear of the intended duty of Aharon and his sons from the mind and plan of Elohim. Let us remember that at this time, Mosheh was up on the mountain and he had just received all the instructions and vision of the Tabernacle and Furnishings.

“And you, bring near Aharon your brother and his sons with him, from among the children of Yisra’el, for serving as priest to Me: Aharon, Nadab and Abihu, El’azar and Ithamar, the sons of Aharon.” Exodus 28:1

“from among the Children of Israel”  from among as used here is the Hebrew word “tavek” which is from the root verb meaning “to sever.” If we read each Hebrew letter individually we get “mark, nail or secure, possession” Father is telling Mosheh to sever the Tribe of Levi from the tribes, mark them for Me, they will be secured to Me as My possession. Amazing!

Also let us note that Father says “for serving as priest to Me.” The KJV uses the word “minister.” When we serve as something, we are acting in place of. The Levites were serving as priests unto Elohim.

The Levites needed special garments, they required cleansing, they had to make atonement for themselves prior to making atonement for the assembly, etc. They were given authority to cleanse the congregation, to bless them, to determine clean from unclean for disease and illness. They were charged with the duties of the upkeep of the tabernacle and furnishings such as the showbread, menorah, burning incense at the altar – and conducting the Festivals of YaHUaH. They had authority to set value upon people, accept vows to YaHUaH, and redeem vows and people for service in Tabernacle. They were taken by YaHUaH as a substitute for the firstborn of the children of Israel (Numbers 3:12). They made judgments within marriage covenants for infidelity. They assembled, disassembled, transported the Tabernacle. {By the way – are we not also priests. I know many who claim to be, but they do not do these things. Hmmm}

What the Priesthood did not do

The blood sacrificial system under the Aharonic or Levitical priesthood only provided covering for unintentional sin/tresspass.

Leviticus (Wayyiqra) Chapter 4

And YaHUaH spoke to Mosheh, saying, “Speak to the children of Yisra’el, saying, ‘Wehn a being sins by mistake against any of the commands of YaHUaH, which are not to be donw, and shall do any of them: ‘If the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people, then he shall bring to YaHUaH for his sin which he has sinned a young bull, a perfect one, as a sin offering, …   verse 35 “…… So the priest shall make atonement for his sin that he has sinned [by mistake], and it shall be forgiven him.”

All of the animal sacrifices for sin, guilt, atonement, etc were only for sinning by mistake or unintentional sin. Never, never was it for intentional sin – or rebellion. The wages of sin is death.

Numbers 15:28  ‘And the priest shall make atonement for the being who strays by mistake, when he sins by mistake before YaHUaH, to make atonement for him, and it shall be forgiven him.

Numbers 15:30 ‘But the being who does {whatever} defiantly, whether he is native or a stranger, he reviles YaHUaH, and that being shall be cut off from among his people.’

19 for the Torah perfected naught, but the bringing in of a better expectation, through which we draw near to Elohim.

An instruction, per se, of Torah – in and of itself perfects nothing. Just because we are instructed to perform or do something does nothing. We have to actually do it, to be perfected by it. So where the mediation of the Levitical Priesthood between us and Father was incomplete, the completeness comes through Messiah Melkitsedeq, our High Priest eternally! The Torah gives us the hope of Messiah that is coming to mediate for us. Now, we can have forgiveness and atonement for all trespasses, both intentional and unintentional which most assuredly is comforting when we wish to draw near to our Holy Elohim!

20 And it was not without an oath!

21 For they indeed became priests without an oath, but He [became Priest] with an oath by Him who said to Him, “YaHUaH has sworn and shall not regret, ‘You are a priest forever according to the order of Malkitsedeq.'”

22 By as much as this YaHUsHa has become a guarantor of a better covenant.

An oath taken and sworn by the Creator of the Universe is more powerful than one without. The gift of the priesthood to the Levites was a gift and representation of future events.

23 And indeed, those that became priests were many, because they were prevented by death from continuing,

24 but He, because He remains forever, has an unchangeable priesthood.

There came a time, when even the children of Israel were warned and told by the prophets that the sacrificial system could not and would not, nor was it meant to – save them.

Isaiah 1:11 “Of what use to Me are your many slaughterings?” declares YaHUaH. “I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams and the fat of fed beasts. I do not delight in the blood of bulls, or of lambs or goats.

Samuel 15:22 Then Shemu’el said, “Does YaHUaH delight in burnt offerings and slaughterings, as in obeying the voice of YaHUaH? Look, to obey is better than an offering, to heed is better than the fat of rams.

and again in Jeremiah (YirmeYaHU) 7:21-23      Thus said YaHUaH of hosts, the Elohim of Yisra’el, “Add your burnt offerings to your slaughterings and eat meat. For I did not speak to your fathers, or command them in the day that I brought them out of the land Mitsrayim, about matters of burt offerings or slaughterings. But this word I did command them, saying, ‘Obey My voice, and I shall be your Elohim, and you be My people. And walk in all the ways that I have commanded you, so that it be well with you.’

25 Therefore He is also able to save completely those who draw near to Elohim through Him, ever living to make intercession for them.

26 For it was fitting that we should have such a High Priest – kind, innocent, undefiled, having been separated from sinners, and exalted above the heavens,

27 who does not need, as those high priests, to offer up slaughter [offerings] day by day, first for His own sins and then for those of the people, for this He did once for all when He offered up Himself.

28 For the Torah appoints as high priests men who have weakness, but the word of the oath which came after the Torah, [appoints] the Son having been perfected forever.

Ezekiel chapter 43-48 tells us that the Levites will be in the Temple of the New Jerusalem to come. They will again be ministering there. So in fact, even this portion of Torah instruction has not been abolished, only set aside for a time.

And finally, there is the wonderful prophesy of Jeremiah 31:31 which prophesies of the mediation brought to us by our Messiah and Melkitsedeq:

See, the days are coming,” declares YaHUaH, “when I shall make a newed covenant with the house of Yisra’el and with the house of Yahudah, not like the covenant I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Mitsaryim, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them,” declares YaHUaH. For this is the covenant I shall make with the house of Yisra’el after those days, declares YaHUaH: I shall put My Torah in their inward parts, and write it on their hearts. And I shall be their Elohim, and they shall be My people.”    Praise and AMEN!

 

Advertisements