Chapter 8

1 Now the summary of what we are saying is: We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Greatness in the heavens,

I cannot help but just sit back and ponder this statement by Sha’ul for awhile. I am not sure many believers can even comprehend what this statement means because we do not have any familiarity with priests. Many (most) of us grow up attending a church, or not, and have never seen a person act as a priest or conduct themselves as a priest before and/or for the people/congregation/assembly. It stands to reason, then,  that if we cannot understand/comprehend what it means to have a High Priest – we are truly missing out on some of the character and fullness of who our beloved Messiah is AND all He does/did for us AND even adds to prove that He IS THE Prophesied Messiah and the only One who can be. So I would like to take a “time out” to cover some of this for us before we just continue to skim over these important words.

How did/does  YaHUsHa fit the description of our High Priest?

 Messiah  High Priest
 Brings Bread & Wine  Matthew 26:26  Genesis 14:18
 Wears Set-apart Garments  Revelation 10:1  Exodus 29:30, 39:41, 30:4
 Burns Incense Daily  Revelation 8:3-4  Exodus 30:7
 Keeps the Lamp Lit  Revelation 4, 8  Exodus 30:8
 Makes Atonement  Romans 5:11, Matthew 26:28  Exodus 30:10
 Olah Offering  John 3:14, John 8:28, John 12:32  Leviticus 1
 Minchah Offering  Hebrews 4:15, 9:28  Leviticus 2
 chatat Offering (sin)  Luke 5:21, Acts 5:31, Colossians 1:14  Leviticus 4
 Shalamim Offering (peace)  Luke 1:76-79, John 16:33, 20:21, Romans 5:1  Leviticus 3
 Asham Offering (guilt or trespass)  2 Corinthians 5:19, Ephesians 2:1, Colossians 2:13, Revelation 1:5  Leviticus 5
 Bears the guilt  Hebrews 9:28  Isaiah 53:11-12

Brings Bread and Wine: Genesis 14:18, Matthew 26:26

Wearing of Set -apart garments: Exodus 29:30, 39:41, Ex 30:4, Revelation 10:1

Burn’s sweet incense daily: Ex 30:7, Revelation 8:3-4

Lighting the lamp nightly: Ex 30:8, Revelation 4, 8

Makes atonement: Ex 30:10, Romans 5:11

Leviticus 16

Putting fire on the altar and arranging the wood Revelation 8:5

Makes atonement for sin and guilt. Matthew 26:28

Olah offering (lifted up, heave, elevation, burnt) – a perfect male, slaughtered at the door of the temple, blood sprinkled around the altar. Lev 1, John 3:14, John 8:28, John 12:32

Minchah offering (bloodless, meal, grain) – fine flour, oil, frankincense. Lev 2, Hebrews 4:15, Hebrews 9:28

chatat offering (sin) – a slaughtered young bull, dip His finger in the blood and sprinkle seven times in front of the veil, and some blood on the horns of the altar, pour blood out at the base of the brazen altar. All the fat, two kidneys and their fat and the fat associated with the liver is burned on the altar. All the skin and its fleh with head and legs and entrail and dung are taken outside of the camp at the place where the ashes are dumped and it is burned on wood with fire. Lev 4, Luke 5:21, 24, Acts 5:31, Col 1:14

shalamim offering (peace) – perfect animal, sprinkling blood of slaughter onto the altar all around. Removing the fat associated with the entrails, two kidneys and their fat and burn it on the altar Lev 3, Luke 1:76-79, John 16:33, John 20:21, Romans 5:1, Ephesians 2:14, Colossians 1:20

Asham offering (guilt, trespass) – not revealing a sin, touching any unclean matter whether man, carcass, beast, or unclean creeping thing, swearing rashly with an oath. Bring a female lamb or goat. Lev 5                      The priest shall take his hand filled with the fine flour (if one is too poor for the lamb, goat, or pigeon) as a remembrance portion, and burn it on the altar. Lev 5, 2 Corinthians 5:19, Ephesians 2:1, Colossians 2:13, Revelation 1:5

Bearing the guilt of the people, Hebrews 9:28, Isaiah 53:11-12

2 and who serves in the set-apart place and of the true Tent, which YaHUaH set up, and not man.

Directly from Exodus we are told “And they shall make Me a Set-apart Place, and I shall dwell in their midst. According to all that I show you – the pattern of the Dwelling Place and the pattern of all its furnishings – make it exactly so. Shemoth (Exodus) 25:8-9. There is a tabernacle in the unseen realm where YaHUaH/YaHUsHa dwells. If you want a “view” of where the Almighty dwells – study the layout of the Tabernacle in the wilderness, Solomon’s Temple, and the anatomy of a man. They are all the same pattern.

3 For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and slaughters. So it was also necessary for this One to have somewhat to offer.

Below are some of the special instructions given to the Cohen Gadol, the priests (Kohanim). Do a study sometime on how our Priest abides by these same Torah instructions – for they ARE His! Additionally, since we are instructed to be priests, it would be a great idea to study to learn how to be one…….

That the kohanim shall put on priestly vestments for the service. Not to tear the High Priests robe. That the ordinary priests shall not defile himself by contact with any dead, other than immediate relatives. That the priests defile themselves for their deceased relatives (by attending their burial), and mourn for them like other Israelites, who are commanded to mourn for their relatives. That a priest who had an immersion during the day (to cleanse him from his uncleanness) shall not serve in the Sanctuary until after sunset. That a priest shall not marry a divorced woman. That a priest shall not marry a harlot. That a priest shall not marry a profaned woman. To show honor to a priest, and to give him precedence in all things that are holy. That a High Priest shall not defile himself with any dead, even if they are relatives. That a High Priest shall not go (under the same roof) with a dead body. That the High Priest shall marry a virgin. That the High Priest shall not marry a widow. That the High Priest shall not cohabit with a widow, even without marriage, because he profanes her. That a person with a physical blemish shall not serve (in the Sanctuary). That a priest with a temporary blemish shall not serve there. That a person with a physical blemish shall not enter the Sanctuary further than the altar. That a priest who is unclean shall not serve (in the Sanctuary).  To send the unclean out of the Camp, that is, out of the Sanctuary.  That a priest who is unclean shall not enter the courtyard, This refers to the Camp. That the priest shall bless Israel. To set apart a portion of the dough for the priest. That one not a descendant of Aaron in the male line shall not serve (in the Sanctuary).  To give the Levites cities to dwell in. That none of the tribe of Levi shall take any portion of territory in the land (of Israel). That none of the tribe of Levi shall take any share of the spoil (at the conquest of the Promised Land).  That the priest shall serve in the Sanctuary in divisions, but on festivals, they all serve together.

4 For if indeed He were on earth, He would not be a priest, since there are priests who offer the gifts according to the Torah,

Messiah is the gift!  Keep in mind the different “Orders” of Priesthood. Messiah was the order of Melkitsedeq and the Aharonic order was the Cohen Gadol (High Priest) and the Levitical order performed services in the sanctuary. ALL that the priests did in the Temple and for the people was to show us Messiah – who He is and what He would do.

5 who serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly, as Mosheh was warned when he was about to make the Tent. For He said “See that you make all according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.”

6 But now He has obtained a more excellent service, inasmuch as He is also Mediator of a better covenant, which was constituted on better promises.

7 For if that first had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second.

STOP right here and ask yourself a question: “the first what?” What is the topic here with Sha’ul? We have been taught all of our lives it is the Mosaic Covenant – the Torah of God. If we think it is the Torah – we need to look closer at what Sha’ul is saying. In the very next verse, he explains it is not the covenant of Torah…..

8 For finding fault with them, He says, “See, the days are coming,” says YaHUaH, “When I shall conclude with the house of Yisra’el and with the house of Yahudah a renewed covenant,

I have highlighted and emboldened the key word here above in verse 8. “For finding fault with ‘them‘” – if Sha’ul was talking about finding fault with the covenant, the word would be ‘it’ and not ‘them’. But the word is them – therefore, Sha’ul is most certainly speaking altogether about the earthly priesthood! This has been so twisted in the teachings of the church denominations throughout the history of a sect called christianity and the sister denominations. The fault that was found was with the men (the flesh) who were tasked with serving in the priesthood and making atonement for the sins of the people. The fault was not found in the torah, the teachings and instructions of Elohim or His covenant, but in the earthly priesthood.

Even by the time of the writings of Samuel we can see how far away from the instructions and right-rulings the priesthood had fallen. Read this account in 1 Samuel 2:12-17 “And the sons of Eli were sons of Beliya’al [sons of the wicked one] – they did not know YaHUaH. And the ruling of the priests [man-made ruling, not the written Torah of God] with the people was that when any man offered a slaughtering, the priest’s servant shall come with a three-pronged flesh-hook in his hand while the meat was cooking, and shall thrust it into the basin, or kettle, or cauldron, or pot. And the priest would take for himself all that the flesh-hook brought up [they were only to have a portion]. Thus they did in Shiloh to all the Yisra’elites who came there. Also, before they burned the fat, the priest’s servant would come and say to the man who slaughtered, “Give meat for roasting to the priest, for he does not accept cooked meat from you, but raw [huge abomination].” And if the man said to him, “let the fat be burned up first, then take as much as your being desire,” he would then answer him, “No, but give it to me now. And if not, I shall take it by strength.” And the sin of the young men was very great before YaHUaH, for the men despised the offering of YaHUaH.”

9 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Mitsrayim, because they did not continue in My covenant, and I disregarded them,” says YaHUaH.

10 “Because this is the covenant that I shall make with the house of Yisra’el after those days, says YaHUaH, giving My laws in their mind, and I shall write them on their hearts, and I shall be their Elohim, and they shall be My people.

Very plainly, there is no change in the Laws (Torah/Teaching/Instruction). There is a change “after those days” the PLACE it is written – in our minds and on our hearts! And Father even states the fact Himself “giving My laws” solidifies the fact that His Laws are still there and not abolished, only written now on our hearts and minds. HalleluYAH! Beloved, let us start “being Holy as our Father is Holy”. Let us start being obedient to His instructions – discerning between clean and unclean, Holy and profane – He has called us to do that – to be His Priests and His Image in the earth. If we were to begin truly doing this, we will achieve what Sha’ul says next, which is from the mouth of the Almighty:

11 “And they shall by no means teach each one his neighbour, and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know YaHUaH,’ because they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them.

12 “Because I shall forgive their unrighteousness, and their sins and their lawlessnessess I shall no longer remember.”

Since Sha’ul is quoting the prophet YirmeYAHU (Jeremiah) here, let’s go back a take a look at the Scripture prophecy he is quoting.

“See, the days are coming,” declares YaHUaH, “when I shall make [karath, cut] a new [chadash, renewed, repaired] covenant with the house of Yisra’el and with the house of Yahudah, not like the covenant I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Mitsrayim, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them.” declares YaHUaH. [confirming the idea that the covenant is most certainly seen from our Father’s perspective – to be a marriage covenant!] “For this is the covenant I shall make with the house of Yisra’el after those days, declares YaHUaH: I shall put My Torah in their inward parts, and write it on their hearts. [this is what is different – the place in which the marriage covenant is written! Can you see this?] And I shall be their Elohim, and they shall be My people. And no longer shall they teach, each one his neighbour, and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know [yada] YaHUaH,’ for they shall all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares YaHUaH. “For I shall forgive their crookedness, and remember their sin no more.” YirmeYAHU 31:31-34

13 By saying, ‘renewed,’ He has made the first [priestly mediation] old. Now what becomes old and growing aged is near disappearing.

And in 70AD, the Temple – along with the Levitical Priesthood, was to be laid aside until a time in the future when both will be restored. See Ezekiel 35-40